have


have
have1 W1S1 [v, əv, həv strong hæv] auxiliary v past tense and past participle had [d, əd, həd strong hæd] third person singular has [z, əz, həz strong hæz]
[: Old English; Origin: habban]
1.) used with past participles to form ↑perfect tenses
Our guests have arrived.
Has anyone phoned?
We've been spending too much money.
I hadn't seen him for fifteen years.
'I hope you've read the instructions.' 'Yes, of course I have.'
You haven't done much, have you?
2.) sb had better/best do sth
used to say that someone should do something
You'd better phone to say you'll be late.
We'd better not tell Jim about our plans just yet.
3.) had sb done sth
formal if someone had done something
Had we known about it earlier, we could have warned people of the danger.
have 2
have2 S1 [hæv] v [T]
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(quality/feature)¦
2¦(include/contain)¦
3¦(own)¦
4¦(carry/hold)¦
5¦(do something)¦
6¦(eat/drink/smoke)¦
7¦(experience)¦
8¦(idea/feeling)¦
9¦(disease/injury/pain)¦
10¦(receive)¦
11¦(amount of time)¦
12 have your hair cut/your house painted etc
13 have something stolen/broken/taken etc
14 have something ready/done/finished etc
15¦(in a position or state)¦
16¦(family/friends)¦
17¦(job/duty)¦
18¦(employ/be in charge of)¦
19¦(goods/rooms available)¦
20 have (got) somebody with you
21¦(hold somebody)¦
22¦(visitors/guests)¦
23¦(event)¦
24¦(effect)¦
25¦(opportunity)¦
26¦(baby)¦
27¦(make somebody do something)¦
28 have done with something
29 rumour/legend/word has it
30 have (got) something/somebody (all) to yourself
31¦(sex)¦
32 have it off/away with somebody
33 can/could/may I have
34 I'll have/we'll have
35¦(offering somebody something)¦
36¦(not allow)¦
37 somebody had (got) it coming
38 I've got it
39 you have me there
40 I'll have you know
41 have (got) it in for somebody
42 somebody/something has had it
43 be not having any (of that)
44 somebody has been had
Phrasal verbs
 have (got) something against somebody/something
 have (got) somebody in
 have on
 have something out
 have somebody over
 have somebody up
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1.) ¦(QUALITY/FEATURE)¦ also have got [not in progressive]
especially BrE used to say what someone or something looks like, what qualities or features they possess etc
She has dark hair and brown eyes.
Sullivan's music does have a certain charm.
You need to have a lot of patience to be a teacher.
Wild rice has a very nutty flavour.
He didn't even have the courtesy to answer my letter.
have it in you
(=have the skill or special quality needed to do something)
You should have seen the way Dad was dancing - I didn't know he had it in him!
2.) ¦(INCLUDE/CONTAIN)¦ also have got [not in progressive ]
especially BrE to include or contain something or a particular number of things or people
Japan has a population of over 120 million.
How many pages has it got?
have sth in it/them
Check that the tank still has water in it.
3.) ¦(OWN)¦ also have got [not in progressive]
spoken especially BrE used to say that someone owns something or that it is available for them to use
They used to have a Mercedes Benz.
Has your secretary got a fax machine?
Have you ever had your own business?
He's a lovely dog - how long have you had him?
Can I have the car tonight, Dad?
4.) ¦(CARRY/HOLD)¦ also have got [not in progressive]
especially BrE to be holding something or carrying it with you
Have you got a match?
Look out! He's got a gun.
have sth on/with you
Have you got any money on you?
I'm afraid I don't have my address book with me.
5.) ¦(DO SOMETHING)¦
BrE to do something
have a look/walk/sleep/talk/think etc
We were just having a look around.
Are you going to have a swim?
6.) ¦(EAT/DRINK/SMOKE)¦
to eat, drink, or smoke something
She sat down and had another drink.
Someone had been having a cigarette in the toilet.
have lunch/a meal etc
I usually have breakfast at about seven o'clock.
7.) ¦(EXPERIENCE)¦
to experience something or be affected by something
We've been having a lot of difficulties with our new computer system.
I'm afraid your son has had a serious accident.
He is in hospital having treatment for a knee injury.
I hope you have a good holiday.
have a good/terrible etc time
Thanks for everything - we had a great time.
have sb doing sth
He found it quite natural to have people fussing over him.
8.) ¦(IDEA/FEELING)¦ also have got [not in progressive]
especially BrE to think of something or to experience a particular feeling
If you have any good ideas for presents, let me know.
I have lots of happy memories of my time in Japan.
He had an awful feeling of guilt.
9.) ¦(DISEASE/INJURY/PAIN)¦ also have got [not in progressive ]
especially BrE to suffer from a disease, injury, or pain
Sarah's got a cold.
One of the victims had a broken leg.
10.)¦(RECEIVE)¦ also have got especially BrE
to receive something
I had lots of phone calls.
have sth from sb
Have you had any news yet from Graham?
I expect he had some help from his father.
11.) ¦(AMOUNT OF TIME)¦ also have got [not in progressive]
especially BrE if you have a particular amount of time, it is available for you to do something
You have just 30 seconds to answer the question.
have time (to do sth)
I haven't time to stop and talk just now.
12.) have your hair cut/your house painted etc
to pay a professional person to cut your hair etc for you
Where do you normally have your hair done?
We'd only just had a new engine put in.
13.) have sth stolen/broken/taken etc
if you have something stolen, broken etc, someone steals, breaks etc something that belongs to you
She had all her jewellery stolen.
Mullins had his nose broken in a fight.
14.) have sth ready/done/finished etc
to have made something ready to be used, or have finished doing something
I should have the car ready by Monday.
15.) ¦(IN A POSITION OR STATE)¦ also have got [not in progressive]
especially BrE used to say that your body or something else is in a particular position or state, because you moved or did something
have sth open/closed/on etc
I had my eyes half-closed.
Janice likes to have the window open.
She had her back to the door.
have sth doing sth
He's always got the stereo playing full blast.
16.) ¦(FAMILY/FRIENDS)¦ also have got [not in progressive]
especially BrE used to say that there is someone who is your relation or friend
She has an uncle who lives in Wisconsin.
It was very nice for Alice to have friends of her own age.
17.) ¦(JOB/DUTY)¦ also have got [not in progressive]
especially BrE to be employed in a particular job or to be responsible for doing something
Her boyfriend has a well-paid job.
The headteacher has responsibility for the management of the school.
have sth to do
I can't stand here talking - I have work to do (=there is work that I must do) .
18.) ¦(EMPLOY/BE IN CHARGE OF)¦ also have got [not in progressive]
especially BrE to employ or be in charge of a group of workers
Margaret Gillies currently has a team of 20 volunteers working for her.
19.) ¦(GOODS/ROOMS AVAILABLE)¦ also have got [not in progressive ]
especially BrE if a shop or a hotel has goods or rooms, they are available for you to buy or use
Do you have any single rooms?
They didn't have any sweaters in my size.
20.) have (got) sb with you
if you have someone with you, they are present with you
Luckily I had a friend with me who spoke German.
21.) ¦(HOLD SOMEBODY)¦ also have got [not in progressive]
especially BrE to hold someone violently by a part of their body
They had him by the throat.
22.) ¦(VISITORS/GUESTS)¦
if you have visitors or guests, they have come to your home, office etc
Sorry, I didn't realize you had visitors.
We had friends to stay over the weekend.
23.) ¦(EVENT)¦
if you have an event such as a meeting, party, or concert, it happens because you have organized it
We're having a party on Saturday - you're very welcome to come.
24.) ¦(EFFECT)¦
to cause a particular result
a mistake that could have disastrous results
Cardew was having a bad influence on the other students.
25.) ¦(OPPORTUNITY)¦
used to say that an opportunity or choice is available for you
If you have the chance, you should go and see it - it's a really good film.
Women managers have a choice as to whether they wear trousers or a skirt.
Last year I had the honour of meeting the Duke of Edinburgh.
26.) ¦(BABY)¦
if a woman has a baby, it is born from her body
Anna insisted on having the baby at home.
27.) ¦(MAKE SOMEBODY DO SOMETHING)¦ [not in progressive]
a) to affect someone in a way that makes them start doing something
have sb laughing/crying etc
Within minutes he had the whole audience laughing and clapping.
b) to persuade or order someone to do something
have sb doing sth
She had me doing all kinds of jobs for her.
have sb do sth
especially AmE
I'll have Hudson show you to your room.
28.) have done with sth
to finish or settle an argument or a difficult situation
I should throw you out now and have done with it.
29.) rumour/legend/word has it
used when you are reporting what people say or what a story says
Rumour has it that Kim is not his child.
30.)have (got) sth/sb (all) to yourself
if you have a place, time, or person all to yourself, you do not have to share them with anyone else
He couldn't wait to have Beth all to himself.
It was the first time I'd had a room to myself.
31.) ¦(SEX)¦ informal
to have sex with someone
I expect she's had lots of men.
32.) have it off/away with sb
BrE informal to have sex with someone
33.) spoken can/could/may I have
say this to politely ask someone to give you something
Can I have the bill, please?
Could we have our ball back?
34.) spoken I'll have/we'll have
say this to ask for something that you have chosen in a restaurant or shop
I'll have a T-bone steak and chips, please.
35.) spoken ¦(OFFERING SOMEBODY SOMETHING)¦
used to offer something to someone
Have another sandwich.
Won't you have a drink before you go?
Please have a seat, and the doctor will be right with you.
36.) spoken ¦(NOT ALLOW)¦
won't/can't have sth
used to say that someone will not allow something to happen
They're trying to play tricks on me again, but I won't have it.
won't/can't have sb doing sth
I won't have you walking home all by yourself.
We can't have people wandering about on private land.
37.) spoken sb had (got) it coming
used to say that you are not sorry that something bad has happened to someone, because they deserved it
I'm not surprised his wife left him - he's had it coming for years.
38.) spoken I've got it
used to say you have suddenly thought of the solution to a problem or that you suddenly understand a situation
39.) spoken you have me there also you've got me there
used to say that you do not know the answer to a question
'What makes you think women can't do that kind of work?' He scratched his head. 'Well, now, you've got me there.'
40.) spoken I'll have you know
used to start to tell someone something when you are annoyed with them
I'll have you know you're insulting the woman I love.
41.) spoken have (got) it in for sb
to want to make life difficult for someone because you dislike them
Dean thinks his teachers have it in for him.
42.) spoken sb/sth has had it
a) if someone has had it, they are going to fail or die, or be in serious trouble
Press the wrong button and you've had it.
b) if someone has had it, they are very tired or annoyed and cannot continue with something
I can't believe he's done it again. I've had it with him!
c) BrE if something has had it, it no longer works and cannot be repaired
The engine's had it.
43.) spoken be not having any (of that)
to refuse to agree to something, listen to someone etc
I tried to explain to her, but she just wasn't having any of it.
44.) spoken sb has been had
used to say that someone has been deceived, for example by being tricked into paying too much
You paid £200? You've been had!
have (got) against / [have (got) sth against sb/sth] phr v
to dislike or be opposed to someone or something for a particular reason
I don't know what it is, but Roger seems to have something against women.
I can't see what you've got against the idea.
I have nothing against foreigners (=have no reason to dislike them) .
have (got) in [have (got) sb in] phr v
if you have someone in, they are doing some work in your home, for example building work
We've had the builders in all week, so everything's in a mess.
have on
1.) have (got) sth on
to be wearing a piece of clothing or type of clothing
He had his best suit on.
Jimmy had nothing on but his socks.
2.) have (got) the TV/radio/washing machine etc on
if you have your television, radio etc on, you have switched it on and it is working
Billie has the radio on all day long.
3.) be having sb on
especially BrE to be trying to make someone believe something that is not true, especially as a joke
Don't believe a word he says. He's having you on!
4.) have (got) sth on
BrE to have arranged to do something, go somewhere etc, especially when this means you cannot do something else
Sorry, I can't help you this weekend - I've got too much on already.
5.) have (got) sth on sb
to know about something bad that someone has done
What do the police have on him?
6.) have (got) nothing on sb/sth informal
to not be nearly as good as someone or something else
Rock 'n' roll has got nothing on these African rhythms.
have out [have sth out] phr v
1.) to have a tooth etc removed by a medical operation
2.) have it out (with sb) informal to settle a disagreement or difficult situation by talking to the person involved, especially when you are angry with them
I'm going round to his house to have it out with him.
have over [have sb over] phr v
if you have someone over, they come to your house for a meal, drink etc because you have invited them
We must have you over for dinner before we leave.
have up [have sb up] phr v
to make someone go to a court of law because you think they have committed a crime
have sb up for sth
Last year he was had up for drunken driving.
have 3
have3 S1 v have to do sth also have got to do sth especially BrE
1.) if you have to do something, you must do it because it is necessary or because someone makes you do it
We don't have to rush - there's plenty of time.
I hate having to get up early in the morning.
If you earn more than £5000, you will have to pay tax.
I've got to be at the hospital at 4 o'clock.
It'll have to be on a Sunday. I'll be working every other day.
2.) used to say that it is important that something happens, or that something must happen if something else is to happen
There has to be an end to the violence.
You've got to believe me!
There will have to be a complete ceasefire before the Government will agree to talks.
You have to be good to succeed in this game.
3.) used to tell someone how to do something
First of all you have to mix the flour and the butter.
4.) used to say that you are sure that something will happen or something is true
House prices have to go up sooner or later.
This has to be a mistake.
You have got to be joking!
No one else could have done it - it had to be Neville.
5.) used to suggest that someone should do something because you think it would be enjoyable or useful
You'll have to come and meet my wife some time - she'd love to meet you.
6.) spoken used when something annoying happens in a way that things always seem to happen
Of course it had to happen on today, when all the shops are shut.
7.) spoken used to say that only one thing or person is good enough or right for someone
For Francesca it has to be the Ritz - nowhere else will do.
8.) do you have to do sth?
spoken used to ask someone to stop doing something that annoys you
Lieutenant, do you have to keep repeating everything I've just said?
9.) I have to say/admit/confess
spoken used to show that you are making an honest statement even though it may be embarrassing for you
I have to say I don't know the first thing about computers.
→↑must1

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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